Organization of District Courts
Presently, in the Taiwan-Penghu
and Kinmen-Matsu areas, there are twenty-one District Courts allocated in
Taipei, Panchiao, Shihlin, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Miaoli, Taichung, Nantou,
Changhua, Yunlin, Chaiyi, Tainan, Kaohsiung, Pingtung, Taitung, Hualien, han,
Keelung, Penghu, Kinmen and Lienchiang. Each District Court may establish
one or more summary divisions for the adjudication of cases suitable to
summary judgments. Currently, there are a total of forty-five such divisions
in Taiwan. Additionally, there is the Taiwan Kaohsiung Juvenile Court
established in accordance with the Law Governing the Disposition of Juvenile
The court is divided into civil, criminal, juvenile, traffic, public peace, and
finance divisions. A civil execution department is also attached to the court.
The special divisions are based on their special nature. Each division consists
of a divisional chief and several judges. The president, administrative chief
judge and divisional chiefs of the court are appointed from the senior judges. The
assignment of cases are made by the lot and has already been computerized.
Cases tried by the court are generally heard before a single judge. Serious or
complicated cases and election suits are heard before three judges sitting in
council¡X one of them is presiding judge. Anyone, including judge's superiors,
is prohibited from interfering with the trial. The judge conducts the trial
independently. Every judge responsible for the trial has one record clerk, but
a judge for execution has several clerks and process-servers.
District Courts have jurisdiction over the following cases:
- Ordinary or summary civil and
criminal cases as well as civil small claim cases as courts of the first
- Civil and criminal appeals or
interlocutory appeals from decisions rndered by the summary divisions;
- Juvenile matters;
- Family matters;
- Traffic cases;
- Civil compulsory execution
- Non-contentious matters;
- Civil protection writs;
- Rehabilitation of delinquents;
- Labor-management disputes;
- Elections and recalls;
- Violations of the Statute for
the Maintenance of Social Order;
- Other cases prescribed by law.
One judge at each District Court
is appointed to serve concurrently as President of his or her Court and to
supervise that Courts administrative affairs. Each of the District Courts
has civil, criminal and summary divisions and may establish specialized
divisions to handle cases involving juveniles, family, traffic, and labor
matters as well as motions to set aside rulings on violations of the Statute
for the Maintenance of Social Order. Each division has a Division Chief
Judge who supervises and assigns the business of the division. Additionally,
each District Court has a Civil Execution Department, a Public Defenders'
Office, a Notarization Department, a Registration Department, a Lodgment
Office and a Probation Officers' Office. Each District Court also has a
Clerical Office headed by a Chief Clerk who assists the President with
administrative affairs and which is divided into Sections for Civil
Recording, Criminal Recording, Juvenile Recording, Documents, General
Affairs, Research and Evaluation, Data and Legal Assistance. There is also a
Judicial Police Office and each District Court maintains Offices for
Personnel, Accounting, Statistics, Information and Government Ethics.
A single judge hears and decides
cases in ordinary and summary proceedings as well as in small claims cases.
A panel of three judges decides cases of great importance in ordinary
proceedings as well as appeals or interlocutory appeals from the summary and
small claims proceedings. Criminal cases are decided by a panel of three
judges, except summary proceedings can be held by a single judge. The
Juvenile Court hears and decides only cases involving juveniles, and the
provisions of the organization of the District Court apply mutatis mutandis
to the Juvenile Court.
Departments and Services of District Courts
Contact Info of Notary Public Office,
Taiwan Hualien District Court
◎ Address: No.15, Fucian Rd., Hualien City, Hualien County
970 (Notary Office located inside Joint Service Center)
◎ Telephone: +886-3-8225144 Ext.267
◎ Office Hour: 8:30-12:00 and 13:30-17:20 on weekdays except
◎ Please contact us for more detailed information on required
documents and fees. Making an appointment in advance is strongly recommended,
for accelerating the review process of your document, and in case of the absence
of Notary Public due to meetings or errands.
The aim of
notarization is to protect rights and interests between private individuals or
other entities, prevent potential disputes and avoid litigation. The court has
established the Department of Notarization (i.e., Notary Public Office) in
charge of notarizing or attesting civil legal acts, facts or documents.
from Latin Notary/Civil-Law Notary, the R.O.C. notarial system differs from that
of the United States and Canada, even though they share the same official title
– Notary Public. Unlike their common law counterparts, the R.O.C. Notaries are
highly-trained state officers, who have legal power to review instruments,
provide legal advice, and make certain clauses enforceable.
matters which can be notarized or attested include, but are not limited to:
translation, official document, true certified copy, late will and testament,
certificate, agreement, contract, affidavit, declaration or consent letter
regarding sale, leasing, loan, gift, trust, joint venture, adoption,
acknowledgement of children, marriage, divorce, single status and power of
notarize marriage, there is a notary marriage auditorium in the court for
couples to get married in a majestic and solemn ceremony. Please note that
marriage notarization offers merely ceremony and written marriage contract, and
has no legal validity since marriage registration at the Household Registration
Office is required from May 27, 2008.
Joint Service Center
To render everyday service to those who need help,
the court has set up an information and service center where over-the-counter
service is available. The clerks work in the center are all law school
graduates, so can they answer all questions and do what people asked immediately.
The Center answers questions orally or in
writing about judicial procedures, sells blank judicial forms, and provides
free specimens of petitions.
The Registration Department is in charge of registration of associations,
foundations, and marital property contracts. The function of this department is
to safeguard private rights and to avert disputes.
The department of registration deals with the registrations of legal persons and
property contracts between husband & wife. The office of lodgment transacts
matters of the deposits of money or negotiable instruments. The information
office provides counseling on law and other services.
The Lodgment Office handles performance and security lodgment.
Performance lodgment can bring the effect of extinguishing obligations.
Security lodgment provides a ground for compulsory execution or exemption from
Non-contentious Disposition renter
The "Non-contentious Disposition Center" takes charge of non-contentious
civil matters which can be processed through computer systems. This has proved
convenient to the people by shortening the time of the concerned parties to
receive decisions. Now the Center handles the following, matters:
- Applications for payment orders in accordance with the hortatory proceedings.
- Public summons.
- Rulings of execution for promissory notes.
Division-chief On-duty System
To supervise the work and services of divisions, sections, and offices as
well as to deal with unexpected events on behalf of the president of the court,
the court has established an on-duty system. All division-chiefs take turns to
be on-duty officers to receive people and deal with their petitions.
the value that mediation saves time and money between civil disputers, the
summary divisions' Judges are asked to render mediation service every case
before hearing, and thus have about 30% of their civil cases settled
With the guidance and support from the High court and Judicial yuan,
district courts had established a computer office and a non-contentious
matters center. At present, Computer net-works have been completed not
only for Judges, but also, administrative offices, where, fully equipped with hardwares, employees have received Computer training and work smoothly.
In order to have the Court
hearing process vividly recorded, audio-and video-tape
equipment are provided. And one thing to mention, the file system in this court
is excellent. All official documents are arranged in chronological order by
classification and number and set in orderly rows. Any file can be accessed in